Animal is the debut studio album by American pop singer Kesha. The album was released on January 1, 2010, by


RCA Records. Kesha worked with a variety of producers and writers such as Lukasz Gottwald (Dr. Luke), Benny Blanco, David Gamson, Greg Kurstin, Max Martin, and others. Kesha had been recording demos for several years when one eventually ended up in the hands of Samantha Cox, senior director of writer/publisher relations at BMI. Cox passed along the demo and it ended up in the hands of Gottwald, who decided to have Kesha perform on the song "Right Round". Within two months, the song became a hit in multiple countries around the world. The event led to Kesha being sought after by many major labels, and she eventually signed a multi-album deal with RCA Records.

The album received mixed reviews from music critics. Some appreciated its fun, carefree nature, while others dismissed it as juvenile and said that it seemed insincere. The use of Auto-Tune on the album to alter Kesha's voice was called fun by some critics, while others found it irritating and said it made it difficult to tell if Kesha could actually sing. Lyrically, the majority of the album's songs are based on Kesha's past life experiences of love, heartbreak, boys, and having a good time. Musically, Animal draws from the dance-pop genre, while incorporating elements of electro and electropop in its production and beats. The album attained chart success, debuting at number one in Canada, the United States, and Greece, while charting within the top ten in seven other countries. Animal was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for shipments of one million copies and has sold over 3 million copies worldwide.

Four singles were released from the album. Its lead single, "Tik Tok", was released on August 7, 2009 and was a worldwide hit, reaching number one in eleven countries. It reached number one on the Billboard Hot 100 and stayed at the top for nine consecutive weeks. The song sold 12.8 million digital copies worldwide in 2010, making it the best selling single of the year; it sold 5,633,000 downloads in the United States alone, making it the sixth best-selling song in digital history. The album's second, third and fourth singles, "Blah Blah Blah", "Your Love Is My Drug" and "Take It Off" all achieved similar success reaching the top ten in multiple countries including Australia, Canada and the United States.

The album's commercial success led to its nomination for the Juno Award for "Best International Album" in 2011.


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Development and CreationEdit

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Marketing and PromotionEdit

Track ListingEdit

Track listing
No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Your Love Is My Drug" Kesha Sebert, Pebe Sebert, Joshua Coleman Dr. Luke, Benny Blanco, Ammo 3:06
2. "Tik Tok" K. Sebert, Lukasz Gottwald, Benjamin Levin Dr. Luke, Benny Blanco 3:19
3. "Take It Off" K. Sebert, Gottwald, Claude Kelly Dr. Luke 3:35
4. "Kiss n Tell" K. Sebert, Gottwald, Max Martin, Shellback Dr. Luke, Max Martin 3:27
5. "Stephen" K. Sebert, David Gamson, P. Sebert, Oliver Leiber David Gamson, Oliver Leiber 3:32
6. "Blah Blah Blah" (featuring 3OH!3) K. Sebert, Levin, Neon Hitch, Sean Foreman Benny Blanco 2:52
7. "Hungover" K. Sebert, Gottwald, Martin, Shellback Dr. Luke, Max Martin, Ammo 3:52
8. "Party at a Rich Dude's House" K. Sebert, Shellback, Levin Shellback, Benny Blanco 2:55
9. "Backstabber" K. Sebert, Gamson, Marc Nelkin, Jon Ingoldsby David Gamson 3:06
10. "Blind" K. Sebert, Gottwald, Levin, Coleman Dr. Luke, Benny Blanco, Ammo 3:17
11. "Dinosaur" K. Sebert, Martin, Shellback Max Martin, Shellback 2:55
12. "Dancing with Tears in My Eyes" K. Sebert, Gottwald, Levin, Kelly Dr. Luke, Benny Blanco 3:29
13. "Boots & Boys" K. Sebert, Tom Neville, Olivia Nervo, Miriam Nervo Tom Neville 2:56
14. "Animal"

K. Sebert, Gottwald, Greg Kurstin, P. Sebert

Greg Kurstin



  • Matt Beckley – engineer
  • Benny Blanco – drums, keyboards, programming, producer, engineer, instrumentation
  • Anita Marisa Boriboon – art direction, design
  • Graham Bryce – background vocals
  • Joshua Coleman – composer
  • Emily De Groot – stylist
  • Megan Dennis – production coordination
  • Shelby Duncan – photography
  • Eric Eylands – assistant
  • Sarai Fiszel – make-up
  • Sean Foreman – composer
  • David Gamson – composer, programming, producer, engineer, instrumentation
  • Chris Gehringer – mastering
  • Serban Ghenea – mixing
  • Erwin Gorostiza – creative director
  • Aniela Gottwald – background vocals, assistant
  • Lukasz "Doctor Luke" Gottwald – composer, guitar, drums, keyboards, programming, producer, engineer, executive producer, vocal editing, background vocals
  • Tatiana Gottwald – background vocals, assistant
  • Rani Hancock – artists and repertoire
  • John Hanes – engineer
  • Neon Hitch – composer
  • Sam Holland – engineer
  • Jim Hynes – trumpet
  • Jon Ingoldsby – composer
  • Clarke Kelly – composer
  • Claude Kelly – composer, background vocals
  • Greg Kurstin – composer, keyboards, programming, producer, engineer
  • Oliver Leiber – composer, producer, engineer
  • Benjamin Levin – composer
  • Max Martin – composer, keyboards, producer, engineer
  • Ramsell Martinez – hair stylist
  • Marc Nelkin – composer
  • Miriam Nervo – composer, background vocals, vocal producer
  • Olivia Nervo – composer, background vocals, vocal producer
  • Tom Neville – arranger, composer, producer, engineer, instrumentation
  • The Pickleheadz – background vocals
  • Tim Roberts – mixing assistant
  • Becky Scott – production coordination
  • Kesha Sebert – vocals, composer, accordion, cowbell, whistle
  • Pebe Sebert – composer
  • Shellback – composer, programming, producer, engineer, instrumentation, whistle
  • Vanessa Silberman – production assistant, production coordination
  • Gary "G" Silver – production coordination
  • Andrew Snitzer – saxophone
  • Yasmin Than – stylist
  • Seth Waldmann – engineer
  • Emily Wright – engineer, vocal editing

Credits adapted from the liner notes of Animal.


Deluxe TracksEdit

  • "VIP"